Adam and Eve enjoyed, before they were expelled from Paradise, a high standard of living without working. After their expulsion they and their successors were condemned to eke out a miserable existence, working from dawn to dusk. The history of technological progress over the past 200 years is essentially the story of the human species working its way slowly back into Paradise. What would happen, however, if we suddenly found ourselves in it? With all goods and services provided without work, no one would be gainfully employed. Being unemployed means receiving no wages. As a result until appropriate new income policies were formulated to fit the changed technological conditions everyone would starve in Paradise.Gorz argues that since WWII full employment has become incompatible with increasing productivity, thanks mainly to the reliance on automation. He backs it up with some studies done in Germany:
Here are some figures about the economy in formerly communist Saxony. In 2004, after investment of 1.41 billion euros in the region's 300 chemical factories, the region was producing about the same volume as it had in 1989. Only a tenth of the number of employees were required.
Another study of the number of jobs created by investment in industry in West German shows a similar trend:
1955-60 1 billion DM invested 2,000,000 jobs created
1960-65 " 400,000 jobs created
1965-70 " 100,000 jobs destroyed
1970-75 " 500,000 jobs destroyed
What sort of "appropriate new income policies" does Gorz advocate? A reduction in working hours. How much of a reduction? In the case of Saxony, a 90% reduction seems called for. Gorz also calls for a social wage or universal dole to be paid to everyone regardless of employment status or merit. It seems to make sense, yet no politician I'm aware of is calling for such measures. I don't think there is much call from the public for them either.
Here it is public. Can't say now you've never come across this solution to chronic unemployment.